Phyllomacromia contumax Selys, 1879
Two-banded Cruiser


  • scientific: P. nyanzana (Grünberg, 1911); P. bifasciata Martin, 1912; P. reginae (Le Roi, 1915); P. halei (Fraser, 1928); P. leoni (Fraser, 1928); P. melania sensu Gambles, 1979 nec (Selys, 1871)

Type locality: Ghana, no locality data available.


A variable but unique species, male is identfied by combination of (1) large size, Hw 38-55 mm; (2) thorax uniformly dark, at most with short pale antehumeral stripe; (3) S3 and S7 with conspicuous pale basal rings; (4) dorsum of S10 flat and bare, without peak bearing cone; (5) cerci stout and straight. [Adapted from Dijkstra & Clausnitzer 2014]

Habitat description

Mostly standing waters, but also rivers, large lakes and possibly streams and flowing channels in marshes, in open landscapes, open areas in forest or shaded by gallery forest. Often with coarse detritus, a sandy and/or soft (like muddy) bottom, and probably emergent vegetation. From 0 to 1900 m above sea level, but mostly below 1300.


confirmed: Angola; Botswana; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Democratic Republic of the Congo; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Kenya; Liberia; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia; Nigeria; Republic of South Africa; Rwanda; Senegal; Somalia; Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe; NOT confirmed: Benin; Côte d'Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Guinee-Bissau; Republic of Guinea; Sierra Leone

Male © Jens Kipping

Appendages (lateral view)

Map citation: Clausnitzer, V., K.-D.B. Dijkstra, R. Koch, J.-P. Boudot, W.R.T. Darwall, J. Kipping, B. Samraoui, M.J. Samways, J.P. Simaika & F. Suhling, 2012. Focus on African Freshwaters: hotspots of dragonfly diversity and conservation concern. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 129-134.

Barcode specimen(s):

Male; Liberia, Nimba County, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

Male; Democratic Republic of Congo, Province Orientale, © Dijkstra, K.-D.B.

Female; Gabon, Haut-Ogoué, Plateau Batéké - vallée de la Léconi © Mézière, Nicolas

Adult, male; Gabon, Haut-Ogoué, Plateau Batéké - vallée de la Léconi © Mézière, Nicolas ; Julien, Renoult ; Joelle, Lekogo


  • de Sélys-Longchamps, E. (1879). Description of a new species of Phyllomacromia (Ph. contumax) Entomologists Monthly Magazine, 16, 103-104.
  • Balinsky, B.I. (1961). Observations on the dragonfly fauna of the coastal region of Zululand, with descriptions of three new species (Odonata). Journal Entomological Society Southern Africa, 24, 72-91. [PDF file]
  • Fraser, F.C. (1928). Odonata of the African continent. Transactions Entomological Society London, 76, 123-138. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1966). Check-list of dragonflies (Odonata) from Malawi, with description of a new Teinobasis Kirby. Arnoldia, 2, 1-24. [PDF file]
  • Pinhey, E.C.G. (1962). Some records of Odonata collected in tropical Africa. Journal Entomological Society Southern Africa, 25, 20-50. [PDF file]
  • Fraser, F.C. (1954) New species of Macromia from tropical Africa. Revue Zoologie Botanique Africaines, 49, 41-76. [PDF file]
  • Schouteden, H. (1934). Annales Musee Congo belge Zoologie 3 Section 2, 3, 1-84. [PDF file]
  • Gambles, R.M. (1979). West African species of Macromia (Odonata: Corduliidae) belonging to picta and sophia groups. Systematic Entomology, 4, 389-407. [PDF file]

Citation: Dijkstra, K.-D.B (editor). African Dragonflies and Damselflies Online. [2024-06-14].